Having and building hope, never being submissive or passive, with courage, risk-taking and personal sacrifice, never being pessimistic, resigned, or weak. We must persevere and be and life-giving, like wellsprings to irrigate a desert

Pope Francis speaks during his general audience in St. Peter’s Square at the Vatican Oct. 11. (CNS/Paul Haring)

VATICAN CITY — Christians are never pessimistic, resigned or weak, thinking life is an unstoppable train careening out of control, Pope Francis said.

Throughout history, every day is seen as a gift from God and “every morning is a blank page that Christians start writing on” with their good works and charity, he said Oct. 11 during his weekly general audience.

Continuing his series of audience talks on Christian hope, the pope reflected on a reading from the Gospel of St. Luke, in which the disciples are asked to be like faithful and vigilant servants, who stand ready for their master’s return — the day Jesus will come again.

Jesus wants his followers to never let down their guard and to be on their toes, ready to welcome “with gratitude and amazement each new day God gives us,” the pope said.

Even though “we have already been saved by Jesus’ redemption,” he said, the people of God are still awaiting his second coming in glory when he will be “all in all.”  Nothing in life is more certain than that — that he will come again, the pope said.

This time of expectant waiting, however, is no time for boredom, but rather for patience, he said.

Christians must be perseverant and life-giving, like wellsprings to irrigate a desert.

For that reason, “nothing happens in vain” and no situation is “completely resistant to love. No night is so long that the joy of dawn is forgotten,” he said. In fact, the darker the night, the sooner the light will come, he added.

By staying united with Christ, nothing can stop the faithful, even “the coldness of difficult moments do not paralyze us.” And no matter how much the world preaches against hope and predicts “only dark clouds,” Christians know everything will be saved and “Christ will drive away the temptation to think that this life is wrong.”

“We do not lose ourselves in the flow of events to pessimism, as if history were a train out of control. Resignation is not a Christian virtue. Just like it is not Christian to shrug your shoulders or lower your head before a seemingly unavoidable destiny.”

Having hope means never being submissive or passive, but being a builder of hope, which demands courage, taking risks and personal sacrifice, he said.

“Submissive people are not peacebuilders, but they are lazy, they want to be comfortable,” he said.

At the end of the general audience, the pope reminded people that October was World Mission Month and the month of the rosary.

As celebrations of the 100th anniversary of the end of the apparitions of Mary at Fatima were to wrap up Oct. 13, the pope invited everyone to pray the rosary, asking for peace in the world.

May prayer stir the unruliest of souls” so that all violence may be banished from their hearts, words and actions, and they become artisans of peace, he said.  The pope also launched an appeal for concrete study and action to safeguard creation and reduce the risks people face with natural disasters.

He asked that International Day for Disaster Reduction Oct. 13 encourage leaders and groups to promote a culture that aims to reduce people’s exposure to natural disasters, particularly people who are already very vulnerable.

12 Oct 2017 by Thomas Gumbleton, NCRonline.org

Unsplash/Tamara Menzi

To reflect on today’s Scriptures, I think it is helpful if we remember what we have been reflecting on for the last couple of weeks, and that has been about the profound conversion, which each one of us must undergo if we are really to be a disciple of Jesus. That conversion is to be converted to the very way of God shown to us in Jesus. A couple of weeks ago, you may remember that we had a passage in the prophet Isaiah where the prophet was saying about God, “My ways are not your ways; my thoughts are not your thoughts. As high as the heavens are above the earth, so high are my ways above your ways and my thoughts above your thoughts.” 

Twenty-seventh Sunday in Ordinary Time Full text of the readings

Isaiah 5:1-7

Psalms 80:9, 12, 13-14, 15-16, 19-20

Philippians 4:6-9

Matthew 21:33-43


If we’re going to be converted to the way of God, it will mean profound change in our way of thinking, in our way of acting, in our way of life to truly follow God’s ways that are not our ways. Just a week ago we heard earlier in the letter of St. Paul to the church at Philippi where Paul is describing Jesus and urging us as he says, “Have this attitude in you which was in Christ Jesus.” If we’re going to be converted, have the attitude, the thinking, the way of Jesus. He goes on to say, “Who, though he was God, did not think his divinity was something to be clung to, but emptied himself and became human, fully human, giving himself over to death, even the death on the cross. In the process of that dying, continuing to love those putting him to death.”

Have this mind in you, which was in Christ Jesus. Doesn’t that require deep change in our ways of thinking? Today’s lessons follow up on this. First of all, in the first lesson, the prophet Isaiah in singing this hymn about a vineyard, which he identifies is really God’s people, and he writes or sings about how God loved this vineyard, loved it first and nurtured it, cared for it. That vineyard represented the people. That’s how God loves us; God loves us first. We don’t earn God’s love. No, God loves us and then in response, we try to love God by being like God.

Of course, in that first lesson the vineyard produced rotten fruit. The people were not faithful to this God who loved them. In the Gospel lesson, Jesus is teaching the same kind of thing. He talks to the leaders about how there was this person who had a vineyard that was very valuable. He leased it out to tenants who began to rob him. The vineyard owner sends messengers to collect what is his. They beat them and kill them and take the fruits of the vineyard for themselves.

Then imagine (it seems so foolish), after they’ve killed the previous messengers on two occasions, the owner says, “I’ll send my son. Surely they’ll respect my son.” But of course, they killed him too. Can’t you see the leaders of the Jewish people at this time, the religious leaders, knowing and realizing as Jesus is speaking this parable, he’s talking about them because they already had plans to kill him, the Son. Within a week they would torture and murder him. Again though, the extraordinary love of God where God, through Jesus, even as he’s dying on the cross prays, “Father, forgive them.”

Notice in the first lesson, the prophet Isaiah, where he found fault with the people who didn’t care about the vineyard said, “God was looking for justice, but found bloodshed. God was looking for justice, but heard cries of distress.” It was violence that God was trying to overcome. The same thing is true in the Gospel where Jesus points out how they say, “This is the one who is to inherit the vineyard. Let us kill him.” Violence — that’s what Jesus is warning us against. The people in the Old Testament failed. The people in the time of Jesus failed. And yet God still is waiting to be gracious to us, to forgive us.

I think it would be very obvious to all of us how timely this message is that our deep conversion has to be a conversion away from violence. We live in a culture of violence. Look at what just happened where 58 people were shot to death. That’s only the most recent and the worst of these kinds of tragedies. This kind of violence is going on in our country constantly because we have a country that is committed to a culture of violence. Everyone must have a gun! If they strike me I’ll kill them!

That’s the message, but it’s not the message of Jesus. We have to know that. We have to try to understand that. We have to try to be converted to the message of Jesus. That message is spelled out so clearly in his words, “Don’t just love those who love you, love your enemies. Do good to those who hurt you.” It’s an extraordinary call and it requires profound conversion to really follow Jesus. But isn’t that what he did when he was dying on the cross? 

When the guards were about to capture him and one of his disciples took up a sword to defend him. Don’t you have a right to defend yourself? “Put away the sword,” Jesus said. “Those who live by the sword will die by the sword.” His message is so clear, the message against violence. Each of us is called to conversion. Once more, in today’s readings, that’s the call — to be converted to the way of Jesus, which is the way of peace, forgiveness and love. 

Think of what would happen if we lived in a community — our parish family, our neighborhood, our city, our country, our world — where what Paul exhorts those Christians at Philippi to follow if we live this way, “Finally brothers and sisters, fill your minds with what is truthful, what is holy, just, lovely, and noble. Be mindful of whatever deserves praise and admiration. Put into practice the love you have learned from me, what I passed on to you.” The love that Jesus teaches all of us — put that into practice and peace, a peace that’s beyond understanding will fill our minds and our hearts, our neighborhoods, our country, our world. But it requires a deep conversion to the ways of God, which are not our ways, and to the truth of God shown to us in Jesus. Today we pray that we will take one further step toward that conversion. 

Homily given Oct. 8 at St. Clare of Montefalco Parish in Detroit. The transcripts of Bishop Thomas Gumbleton’s homilies are posted weekly to NCRonline.org. Sign up here to receive an email alert when the latest homily is posted.]

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